Nursing Process

The nursing process can be defined as a process through which nurses deliver cares to individuals, families, and/or communities, helps patients to improve their health, collaborate with other nurses and assist doctors in treating patients. The process is based on nursing theories and practices learned during nursing education and trainings. It is used in a problem solving form.

A series of stages are to be completed to meet the objective and goal of the nursing process for patient’s health improvement. The process can be stopped any time or re-started again, depending on the condition of the patient. The process comprises of patient’s physical health as well as the emotional aspects.

The skilled Nursing knowledge is applied for the nursing process, for meeting and approaching the changing condition of the patient. This approach is applied for identifying the problems and changes occurring to the patient. During the process, nurses use this knowledge to identify problems and changes that are occurring to the patient, and nurse’s aims to find out about these conditions with their caring plans, by consulting the patients and outcome of the implemented care results.

Different stages of Nursing Process

Nursing Process is a goal oriented and client centered plan that is planned and, works as a framework of patients’ health care. In order to achieve care plan goals, different stages need to be implemented and they include five major steps, also known as ADPIE.

  • Assessment
  • Nursing diagnosis
  • Planning
  • Implementation/intervention
  • Evaluation

Assessment is basically related to finding out the condition of the patient.

Diagnosis phase tries to ascertain patients’ problems.

Planning stage is concentrated for finding out the ways to improve/stabilize the problem.

Implementation/intervention phase is related to putting plan into action.

Evaluation stage is used for ascertaining the result of the implemented plan and to find out if the plan actually worked for improving the condition of the patient. Continuous evaluation is essential for keeping the existing plan or to change the plan for patient’s care.