In United States of America, a Nurse Anesthetist can be defined as a specialized registered nurse that administer anesthetics to patients in various health care settings, such as undergoing medical cares, dental care, and obstetrical procedures. The graduate-level education and board certification in anesthesia offers them certification and a title of Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) facilitating their practicing as an advanced practice registered nurse (APRN).
In a health care setting they are an important member of the surgical team and found to be functioning under the supervision of the attending surgeon, anesthesiologist or dentist. Their job functions include:
- Arranging supplies and equipment for anesthetic procedures
- Studying and interpreting pre-surgical tests for the anesthetic effect on a patient.
- Arrange for sufficient blood supply for emergency cases.
- Monitor vital signs of the patients and report to surgeons or physicians.
- Administer oxygen, insert artificial airways and prevent surgical shock effects.
- Offer medical, surgical, obstetrical, dental, and pediatric interventions.
- Explain procedures to patients seeking their cooperation and to boost up their confidence level.
As the job of Nurse Anesthetist bears heavy responsibility, they are also paid very lucrative salary as compared to other specialty nurses. On an average their earning can reach $157,724 annually & more.
The preparation for the career in education in Nurse Anesthetist field can begin with high schools, where a student can start learning subjects, such as nutrition, chemistry, psychology & sociology, algebra & geometry, English, biology and other courses. The proficiency in computer skill and foreign language is also very essential.
Post high school and in college, they must earn Bachelor of Science in nursing for becoming a licensed registered nurse (RN). Along with RN license they must also gain at least one year of critical-care nursing experience. The basic duration of the course is 2 years to 4 years, with course works in anatomy, physiology, chemistry, and pharmacology.
If you want to get Certification, you must complete an accredited program and pass a national certification exam. The National Boards of Certification and Recertification of Nurse Anesthetists (NBCRNA) govern the Certification and education is governed by the Council on Accreditation (COA) of Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs.